Club rules & safety codes

[Amended 16th December 2020]


1. On first joining in the Club, Members are deemed to agree to be bound by the BMFA Handbook, and PPMFC Club Rules and Safety Codes.

The Club Rules and Safety Codes are based on the recommendations of the BMFA Handbook. If you do not have a BMFA Handbook and/or a copy of Club Rules and Safety Codes, contact a Committee Member who will arrange for you to be provided with a copy.

This will ensure our insurance cover is not prejudiced.

2. Any complaints involving an individual members observance of the Club Rules and Safety Codes should be referred to the Club Committee, first informally and, if necessary, later, in writing.

use of flying sites

3. Gates to the Kayte Lane & Stoke Orchard sites are to be kept closed at all times.

At Stoke Orchard cars are to be parked in the area of the old farm buildings.

Cars are not to be taken onto the field at any site.

4. Mobile phones are to be switched off on the flying sites.

5. A fire extinguisher is to be on the flight line at all times when petrol or turbine engine models are being operated.

6. Dogs are not permitted on the flying sites unless on a leash.

7. Flying is only permitted on all Club flying sites between 09:00hrs and sunset on weekdays and Saturdays, and 10:00hrs and sunset on Sundays. At Kayte Lane this may be further restricted by local events, e.g., the presence of school children Gymkhanas etc.

8. If a member is aware of anybody using the sites when flying is not permitted, they should inform a Committee Member in order that action may be taken to prevent this reoccurring. If in any doubt about flying times, please consult a Committee Member.

9. Members are not to leave any litter on any flying sites. If an aircraft crashes, all pieces of wreckage are to be removed and disposed of in a suitable place.

Flying competence

10. Unless accompanied by a qualified club member, no member is permitted to fly fixed wing aircraft or helicopters solo until they have demonstrated competence by passing the appropriate BMFA [A] Achievement Scheme or other examination.

11. Guest flyers are permitted to fly on an occasional basis, and under the following conditions:

a. While accompanied by a club member who is qualified to supervise their flying

b. The guest's model has passed the club noise test, and the details have been entered into the noise test logbook.

c. The guest has proof of BMFA insurance cover.

supervision of junior members

12. Club policy for the care of junior members is based on the BMFA document via the link below. ↓

Policy Procedures and Guidelines on the Welfare of Children and Vulnerable Adults in Model Flying.

A junior club member is any person under the age of 18 years.

13. Junior members must at all times be supervised by a responsible adult. This is to be a parent or guardian, or another person specifically authorised by a parent or guardian for that purpose. The supervising adult assumes complete and total responsibility for the junior member while in their charge.

Any supervising adult is to be adequately experienced for their task. Supervision is to be commensurate with the age, maturity, capability and experience of the junior member.

14. While supervising junior members, senior members are to be aware of the Children Act [1989] and avoid placing themselves in a position capable of misinterpretation or question.

model power units & weight limits

15. The flying of any model powered by a jet engine, or with a dry weight exceeding 20 kilograms, on PPMFC flying sites, must first be authorised by the Committee. These models are subject to special flying rules as outlined below. IC powered models are prohibited on the Kayte Lane Site.

jet model and large model operations

16. Jet and large models, and to an extent helicopters, have very high energy rotating components, and have special safety space needs. Special safety and operating rules for these models are as follows:

a. Jet Models

Turbine operation is only permitted at the Stoke Orchard site. Jet powered models are to be operated in accordance with the regulations as issued by the Jet Modellers Association [JMA]. Particular attention must be paid to the no solo flying rule, and a spotter must be used at all times during the flight.

Turbine and large model engines must NOT be started in the general pit area but in a turbine/large model area, well away from other operators. Turbine operations are NOT permitted when local crops are ripe and not harvested due to the high fire risk. [Contact any Committee Member for confirmation of operations status.]

b. Helicopters

Due to the large amount of energy within a helicopter's rotor system these machines are to be a minimum of 30 metres away from the pits when hovering or flying. Under no circumstances should the rotor system be allowed to run on the ground in the pits.

c. Hovering and Setting Up

Novice helicopter pilots, and those wishing to set up their model must hover in a designated area which will be decided on the day as wind conditions will dictate its position.

17. Only transmitters operating on the 35MHz, UHF and 2.4GHz frequency bands are permitted for use on club sites.


18. The Committee has the authority to ask that any transmitter which, after a simple test, is suspected of causing interference, be checked. Proof must be provided that its performance is acceptable before that transmitter may be used again on any PPMFC site.

19. When two or more flyers are present, the peg board is always to be used. Members are to be fully aware of the peg board system before turning on any transmitters.

20. Members must provide their own peg on which must appear their name [including a peg for 2.4GHz]. Members' pegs are to be placed upon the appropriate channel on the peg board before operating their transmitters prior to start up/flight. The peg is to be removed from the board at the end of each flight.

The appropriate frequency flag is to be flown on transmitter aerials [see below] and double checked to ensure that the flag matches the crystal fitted to the transmitter. Transmitters operating on 2.4GHz must carry an appropriate identifier.

21. At the Kayte Lane site only EVEN numbered crystals are to be used for the 35MHz and UHF bands.

22. At the Stoke Orchard site all frequencies may be used. Appropriate care must be taken to avoid interference from adjacent channels. Pilots are to clear such action with others involved.

23. At all sites the correct transmitter aerial frequency flags must be flown as follows:

a. 35MHz, an orange or white flag with the channel number clearly printed on it.

b. UHF, a flag with the channel number clearly printed on it.

It is essential that all members adhere to these procedures to avoid accidents.

24. All power models are to have a silencing system such that the engine, at full power and the mixture adjusted to that of flight conditions, will comply with the Club's noise test. No noise measurement on the test must exceed 82dB[A] and the average of the four readings must not exceed 80dB[A]. No model is permitted to fly until the noise test has been passed.

25. Note: It is anticipated that the BMFA will eventually reduce the maximum limit to 80dB[A] in accordance with European noise legislation. Members should aim to make their models as quiet as possible.

26. Noise Test.

The noise test is to be conducted as follows:

a. Before taking any measurements, the noise meter should be set to the “BAT” position and the battery condition noted. No test is to be performed if the meter does not pass the battery condition test. Inform a Committee Member of a failure. For tests, the meter should be set to “A” weighting response and “slow” response.

b. Measurements are to be taken in the open air and away from reflecting surfaces.

27. Fixed Wing Models.

The model, working at maximum rpm, is to be held between 1 and 2 metres off the ground. The microphone of the noise meter is to be positioned downwind of the model and held away from the body of the person operating it.

The distance of the model from the noise meter is to be 7 metres measured horizontally. The wind speed must not be above 3 metres per second [force 2]. When taking measurements, the noise level emitted is to be taken from the four sides of the model: front, left, rear and right. No reading must exceed 82dB[A] and the average of four readings must not exceed 80dB[A].

The following data is to be entered in the noise test book.

a. Owner's name, e.g., Fred Bloggs.

b. Model type, e.g., Wot 4.

c. Engine manufacturer and type, e.g., OS 46.

d. Make and size of propeller, e.g., APC 11x7.

e. The four readings, front, left, rear and right.

f. The signature of the person taking the readings.

28. Helicopters.

Three markers are to be laid out in a line on the flying area, one central, one 7 metres to one side [crosswind] and one 7 metres to the other side [crosswind]. The helicopter is to be held in a steady hover 1 to 2 metres above the centre marker with the pilot standing downwind of it as normal.

Noise readings are to be taken with the meter held 1 to 1.5 metres above the ground at each of the end markers in turn. [When walking with the meter, walk behind the pilot for safety. The two readings take the place of the four of the fixed wing tests. All other criteria, including the pass limits, are as for the fixed wing test.

29. Changes and Challenges.

When any changes are made to any model which may affect the noise level emitted e.g., propeller, engine, silencer etc, a further noise test is to be performed, as indicated above, before the model is flown.

If any member suspects that a fellow member's model exceeds the noise limits, they are entitled to request that the model be noise tested. Please note that this should be requested tactfully. Any problems arising from this should be brought to the attention of a Committee Member.

30. Flying safety is of paramount importance. For this reason, solo flying on all PPMFC sites is strongly discouraged on safety grounds. At Stoke Orchard, a Safety Marshal will be instituted when operations make it necessary, e.g., competitions and open days etc.

31. The role of the Safety Marshal is to reduce the risk of accident, damage or injury involving members of the public, club members, and their property, by maintaining an overall safety awareness of flying operations in progress.

32. The Safety Marshal is to monitor flying operations at all times and make pilots aware of any potentially hazardous situations which may be developing.

He is to make certain that all pilots are fully aware of the situation until any hazard is clear.

33. In cases of dispute with pilots, the Safety Marshal is the supreme authority at the time. Pilots who wish to challenge his judgement must later refer the matter to the Club Committee for adjudication.

34. Flight Line Discipline:

When arriving and setting up at the pits, give yourself room to move around without treading on someone else's aircraft.

Flight Line Etiquette:

If you are sharing a frequency with someone else present, do not hog the frequency, but take it in turns to fly in order to maximise the flying time and enjoyment of all.

35. Flight Lines and Pits.

Flight lines should be set up so that aircraft taking off and landing do not enter the no-fly zones.

36. Active Runway.

Circuit direction will be dictated by the wind conditions on the day. Counter direction circuits may be flown for training purposes at the discretion of the Safety Marshal.

37. Taxiing into the Pits.

Taxiing into the pits, including hover taxiing by helicopters, back into the pits is dangerous and is prohibited. Models are not to be pointed towards people and equipment at any time – no one is immune to radio equipment failure or interference

38. Hand Launches.

Hand launches are not to be undertaken from the pits area.

39. Engine Set Up.

Adjustment and mixture setting up of the engine is not to take place on the active runway. Minor engine adjustments may take place in the pit area but sustained high power runs must be conducted away from the pits and well clear of other flyers.

40. Flying Procedures.

The following Rules and Safety Codes apply to all fixed wing operations, and to those helicopter pilots qualified to fly in the fixed wing circuit. In order to minimise the risk of noise nuisance, the maximum number of internal combustion, piston engine powered models permitted to be airborne simultaneously at any flying site is five.

a. Taking Off

b. Before going out on the active runway prior to take-off, make it clear/check with Safety Marshal and or any other pilots who are flying at the time that you wish to take off. This reduces the possibility of accidents due to people carrying out low passes unknown to someone wishing to take off.

c. Once it has been established from the Safety Marshal and the other pilots that it is all right to walk out on to the active runway, proceed out on to the active runway whilst listening for the possibility of a pilot already in the air calling out that his engine has stopped. If the call “Deadstick” is heard, the pilot wishing to take off should clear the active runway as quickly as possible and indicate to the pilot calling “Deadstick” that they are clear of the active runway.

d. No fixed wing turbine pilot is allowed on to the runway and in a position at the rear of the airframe during maximum power applications and during take offs.

     e.If no warning calls are heard, the pilot taking off should do so without any delay.

     Flying Around

Having taken off and settled down, pilots should move away from the active runway and take up a position along with the other pilots in the pilot box.

a. At Stoke Orchard do not enter the no fly zones. At Stoke Orchard and Kayte Lane do not overfly the houses. Accidents in these are likely to put members of the public at risk.

b. Before carrying out any low flying manoeuvres e.g., touch and go's, overshoots, low passes etc, ensure that the Safety Marshal and all the other pilots present on the flight line are aware of your intention.

At all times when these manoeuvres are taking place pilots should maintain an awareness of what is happening around them, e.g., people possibly walking into the area about to be overflown.

c. If at any time the engine cuts SHOUT “Deadstick” and check that the active runway is clear. If the active runway is not clear, do not attempt to land on the active runway, but land elsewhere within the field. Ensure that the proposed landing spot is clear of people, cars, property etc.

d. Avoid any manoeuvres which end up with the aircraft pointing directly at the flight line or pits, in case radio or structural failure should occur.

e. At the Stoke Orchard site, if a crash or land out should occur within the area bounded by the flying field hedges, the wreckage/model is not to be recovered until all the other airborne models have landed. No further take offs are permitted until recovery of the major visible items is complete [max 30 minutes]. In the case of a crash on the runway requiring immediate recovery with other models still airborne, a lookout is to be posted and recovery actions cleared with the Safety Marshal and or other pilots.


A pilot intending to land is to make other people aware of his intention by SHOUTING “Landing” and checking that the landing point is clear. Ensure that the engine is stopped before walking out to the landing point to collect the aircraft.     

You are advised to leave your transmitter in the pilot box area with the other pilots, to reduce the risk of causing interference with other aircraft in the air. Once the aircraft and transmitter are collected, return to the pits. After switching off the transmitter, collect your peg.

41. Helicopter Operations.

Members who are learning to fly helicopters are to use an agreed designated area within the flying site, but away from the active fixed wing circuit. During the learning phase, this will allow safe hovering and close in circuits.

42. Although helicopter pilots will be some way from their fixed wing counterparts.


This requires a high degree of communication between all flyers on the site.

43. Helicopters are permitted to fly in the normal circuit above the strip once the pilot has passed the appropriate BMFA Helicopter Test.